It is a 2
raka't Namaaz (SALAT)
(a) In each raka't after Sooratul Faatih'ah recite Sooratul Qadr 15
(b) In every Rukoo and Sajdah recite Sooratul Qadr 15 times.
(c) After every Rukoo and Sajdah recite Sooratul Qadr 15 times.
(d) After Salaam recite the following dua'a:
(For Arabic Text
please see "Mafateehul Jinaan")
O Allah send blessings on Muhammad and on the children of Mohammad.
In the name of Allah the Beneficent the
There is no God except Allah Our Lord. and
Lord of our ancestors and forefathers.
There is no God except Allah, the "One and
Only" Lord Master, we submit entirely to His will.
There is no God except Allah, Do not worship Him
except they who sincerely obey Him, (even)
if polytheists are reluctant and doubtful.
There is no God except Allah,
He is One, He is One, He is One,
fulfilled His promise, helped His servant, made honored and powerful His
soldiers, and put the enemy
troops to flight.
He is One.
So sovereignty is His, (all) praise is for Him;
and He exercises absolute authority over all things.
O My Allah,
Thou filled the heavens and the earth with light,
and those who are there praise thee (only).
Thou set up heavens and the earth and put them
into order, and they who are there praise Thee (only).
Thou art God.
Thy promise is true, Thy words are law. Thy
administration is just. Paradise is real. Hell is certain.
O My Allah! I resign
myself to Thy will, with Thee I seek refuge,
I rely on Thee, with Thy help I prevail upon enemies, and on Thy behalf I
Oh Lord! Oh Lord! Oh Lord!
Make me do well, that which I begin, or complete,
or withhold, or make known.
Thou art God. There is no God save Thou.
Send blessings on Mohammad and on the children of
Have mercy on me.
Accept my repentance. Verily Thou art Merciful
who allows then penitent to have His mercy.
O Allah! send blessings on Mohammad and on the
children of Mohammad.
The oldest and noblest tribe in the whole of Arabia was Banu Hashim. They
were the descendants of Ibrahim through his son Isma'il. The Arabs respected
and loved them for their goodness, knowledge, and bravery.
'Abd al-Muttalib was the chieftain of Banu Hashim and he was also the
Guardian of the Ka'bah. Among his ten sons, 'Abdullah was the father of the
In Mecca, a baby boy named Muhammad was born on 17th Rabi' al-Awwal, 570 AD.
His father 'Abdullah, son of 'Abd al-Muttalib, died before he was born and
when he was six, he lost his loving mother Aminah bint Wahab. His
Grandfather, 'Abd al-Muttalib, took the responsibility of bringing up the
orphan. At the age of ten, he was berefted of his venerable grandfather. On
his deathbed, he appointed his son Abu Talib as the guardian of Muhammad. As
a gentle, soft spoken, tall and handsome boy, Muhammad, accompanied the
trading caravans of Abu Talib, across the deserts, giving him deep insight
into nature and man.
The wealthy noble widowed lady Khadijah, in looking for a manager for her
rich merchantile caravans, selected Muhammad (SW) as her manager. The able
and fair dealing Muhammad (SW) was a tremendous success. Khadijah already an
admirer of Muhammad (SW), made him an offer of marriage. Muhammad (SW) was
twenty five and Khadijah forty. In spite of this disparity in age, the
marriage proved to be a very happy one.
Lover of nature and quite worrried about human sufferings, Muhammad (SW)
often retreated to Mount Hira' for meditation. One night - Laylat al-Qadr
(the Night of Majesty) - a voice addressing him, commanded
"Recite in the name of thy Lord."
Deeply excited by the strange phenomena of the Divine Visitation, Muhammad
(SW) hurried home to his wife, Khadijah, who listened to him attentively and
"I bear witness that you are the Apostle of God."
After an interval, the voice from heaven spoke again
"O thou shrouded in thy mantle, arise, and warn, and
magnify thy Lord."
This was a signal for him to start preaching the gospel of truth of One God.
In the beginning Muhammad (SW) invited only those near him, to accept the
new Faith. The first to embrace Islam among women was Khadijah and among men
Ali (AS). Soon after, Zayd ibn al-Harithah became a convert to the new
Faith. For three long years, he labored quietly to wean his people from the
worship of idols and drew only thirty followers. Muhammad (SW) then decided
to appeal publicly to the Quraysh to give up idol worship and embrace Islam.
The new Faith, is simple without complications, practical, and useful for
everyday life. It commands to believe and do good, to keep up prayer and to
pay the poor tax (alms). Almost ten years of hard work and preaching, in
spite of all persecution, produced over a hundred followers, physical
cruelties and social boycott made life unbearable in Mecca. The Holy Prophet
of Islam advised his followers, to seek refuge in the to seek refuge in the
neighboring country of Ethiopia. Eighty eight men and eighteen women sailed
to the hospitable shores of the Negus, under the leadership of Ja'far at-Tayyar
(brother of 'Ali) and the cousin of the Holy Prophet. several times the
chieftains came to Abu Talib saying,
"We respect your age and rank, but we have no further
patience with your nephew. Stop him or we shall fight you." Abu Talib asked
Muhammad for his decision. With tears in his eyes, the Apostle firmly
replied, "O my uncle! If they place the sun on my right hand and the moon on
my left, to force me to renounce my mission, I will not desist until God
manifests His cause or I perish in the attempt."
In a period of troubles, trials and tribulations two major tragedies
afflicted Muhammad. First the venerable guardian uncle Abu Talib died and
shortly afterwards his noble wife Khadijah died, leaving behind her daughter
Fatimah (peace be on her) - the only child she had from the Holy Prophet -
the daughter who looked after her father so much so that the prophet called
her Umm Abiha (the mother of her father).
With the death of the old patriarch Abu Talib, the Meccans planned to
assassinate the prophet. Under Divine guidance, he asked 'Ali to sleep in
his bed and Muhammad put his green garment on 'Ali. While the murderes
mistook 'Ali for muhammad, the Holy Prophet of Islam escaped to Medina. The
Muslim era of Hijrah (Emigration) is named after this incident and dated
from 17th Rabi' al-Awwwal, 622 AD. From the time he came to Medina, he was
the grandest figure upon whom the light of history has ever shone. We shall
now see him as the King of men, the ruler of human hearts, chief law-giver
and supreme judge. The Preacher who went without bread, was mightier than
the mightiest sovereigns of the earth. No emperor with his tiaras was
obeyed, as this man in a cloak of his own clothing. He laid the foundation
of the Muslim commonwealth and drew up a charter which has been acknowledged
as the work of highest statesmanship, a master-mind not only of his age, but
of all ages. Unlike the Arabs, the Prophet, had never wielded a weapon, but
now he was forced to defend Islam by force of arms. Commencing from the
battle of Badr, a series of eighty battles had to be fought, which the
infant community defended successfully.
Next year, Abu Sufyan, the famous long-lived enemy of Islam, again attacked
the Muslims at Uhud. Hamzah, the first flag-bearer of Islam and uncle of the
Prophet, was killed in action. In spite of strict instructions from the
Prophet, a few Muslim soldiers deserted their post, when victory was in
sight. This changed the course of the battle. Khalid ibn al-Walid attacked
the Prophet and the grave situation was saved by the timely arrival of 'Ali.
The enemies ran away and the issue was decided. Muhammad was deeply grieved
at the death of Hamzah.
The Muslims had been in self exile for six years and began to feel a keen
yearning for their homeland, Mecca. The Prophet desired to perform a
pilgrimage to Ka'bah. When he forsook his home town he was weak, but when he
wanted to return, he was strong. He did not use his strength to force an
entry into the sacred city. Finding the Quraysh hostile, Muhammad entered
into a treaty Known as the Peace of Hudaybiyyah, appearing not very
advantageous to the Muslims, but which revealed the Islamic character of
moderation and magnanimity. For the strong to exercise restraint and
toleration is true courage. Having reached up to the door of their birth
place with hearts over-flowing with impatient longing to enter it, the
Muslims retraced their steps peacefully to Medina, under the terms of the
treaty, which allowed them to perform the pilgrimage next year.
In The 8th year AH, the idolaters violated the peace of Hudaybiyyah by
attacking the Muslims. The enemies were defeated and Mecca was conquered.
The Prophet who fled from Mecca as a fugitive, now returned home as a mighty
conqueror. The Rahmatun lil 'Alamin (mercy unto all beings, i.e., the
Prophet) entered the city with his head bowed low in thankfulness to the
Almighty (Allah) and ordered a general amnesty, instead of the mass massacre
of those who persecuted him and his followers.
A great number of Muslim soldiers were killed in battles at Badr, Uhud,
Khaybar, Hunayn and other places, leaving behind young wives and children.
The serious problem of taking care of the widows and orphans, threatened to
break up the moral fabric of the Muslim Society. Muhammad decided to marry
these widows and set an example for his followers to do likewise.
Under the Divine intuition of his approaching end, Muhammad prepared to make
the farewell pilgrimage to Mecca. Before completing all the ceremonies of
Hajj, he addressed a huge multitude from the top of mount 'Arafat on 8th Dhi
al-hijjah, 11 AH, in words which shall ever ring and live in the atmosphere.
After finishing the hajj the Holy Prophet started for Medina. On his way, at
Ghadir Khumm the Voice from Heaven cried:
"O Apostle! deliver what has been revealed to you
from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered His
message and Allah will protect you from the people, surely Allah will not
guide the unbelieving people". (5:67)
Muhammad immediately ordered Bilal to recall the Muslims, who had gone
ahead, who were behind and who were proceeding to their homes at the
junction, to assemble. The famous Sunni mutakallim and commentator, Fakhr
ad-Din ar-Razi in his At-Tafsir al-Kabir, vol. 12, pp. 49-50, writes that
the Prophet took 'Ali by the hand and said:
"Whoever whose mawla (master) I am, 'Ali is his master.
O Allah! Love him who loves 'Ali, and be the enemy of the enemy of 'Ali;
help him who helps 'Ali, and forsake him who forsakes 'Ali."
On Muhammad's return to Medina, he got busy settling the organization of the
provinces and the tribes which had adopted Islam. His strength rapidly
failed and the poison (administered at Khaybar by a Jewess) took its deadly
toll. So ended the life dedicated to the service of God and humanity from
first to last, on 28th Safar, 11 AH. The humble Preacher had risen to be the
ruler of Arabia. The Prophet of Islam not only inspired reverence, but love
owing to his humility, nobility, purity, austerity, refinement and devotion
to duty. The Master inspired all who came into contact with him. He shared
his scanty food; he began his meals in the Name of Allah and finished them
uttering thanks; he loved the poor and respected them; he would visit the
sick and comfort the heart broken; he treated his bitterest enemies with
clemency and forbearance, but the offenders against society were
administered justice; his intellectual mind was remarkably progressive and
he said that man could not exist without constant efforts. There is no god
but One God and Muhammad is the Apostle of God, peace and blessings of Allah
be upon him and his descendants.
When the innovations & heretical practices becomes evident in my Ummah it is
necessary for the scholar to make his knowledge manifested & open (with
regards to making the innovations public) so, curse of Allah be upon the
scholar who does not do it.
2. One who starts a morning in a condition that he does not make
effort about the affairs of the Muslims is not one of the Muslims. And a
person who hears the voice of a man who calls the Muslim to his help but he
does not respond him, is not a Muslim.
3. I do not have the fear of neither the faithful not polytheist
about my Ummah. However, the faith of the faithful refrains him from harming
the Ummah, more over the infidelity of the polytheist will become the cause
of his abjectness & repression. But I am afraid about you (being harmed)
from the glib tongued hypocrite. He utters by his tongue what you believe is
good & practically he does what you consider bad (vices).
4. There is a good deed above each good deed, to the extent that a
man is slain on the way of Allah. so when he is slain on the way of Allah
then there is no good deed above (better than) it.
5. The one who pleases a ruler with something which is the cause of
Allah's fury has gone out of Allah's religion.
6. One who comes to a rich man & shows humbleness to him for the sake
of his wealth has lost two third of his religion.
7. When the resurrection day will come, the ink of the pen of scholar
will be weighed against the blood of martyrs, so as a result of weighing the
ink of the pen of scholars will get superiority over the bloods of the
8. The example of my household (Hazrat Zehra (SA) & the twelve imams)
is like that of the Hazrat Nuh's (AS) ship. Who so ever boards it will get
rescued (salvation) & the one who opposes the boarding of it, gets drowned.
(JAMIASAGHIR VOL 2, P533 Hadith, 8162)
9. Cursed is the one who puts the load of his life responsibilities
upon the shoulders of the people.
10. When the dooms day will come about, man will not move one step
from his place till he is questioned about four things.
a. The way how he spent his life?
b. As to how did he wear out his youth?
c. About the wealth, as to where he got it from & in what way he spent it?
d. And about the love of us the household of prophet.
(TUHFUL AQOOL, P56)
11. Oh Ali! all the eyes will weep on the resurrection day except
a. The eye which remained waking in the night till morning on the way of
Allah (for the defense of Islamic system).
b. the eye which refrained from seeing the the things prohibited by Allah.
c. The eye which shed tear from the fear of Allah.
12. I am the city of knowledge & Ali is it's gate so whoso ever
intends to acquire knowledge must come through the gate.
13. Oh Abazar! do value & esteem five things before five others (to
a. your youth before your old age.
b. your health before your ailment.
c. your wealth before your poverty.
d. your life before your death.
14. Allah does not look at (value) your faces & nor your wealth's but
he looks at your hearts & your practices.
15. Oh people! I have left among you some thing which if you get
(hold of) it, you will not go astray: The book of Allah (Quran) & my
16. Oh community of Muslims! definitely avoid committing adultery
because it has six peculiarities three (will emerge) in this world & three
in the hereafter. More over, those three which appear in this world (consist
a. This becomes the cause of getting dishonored.
b. Causes to bring poverty
c. Causes the shortening of age.
And those which take place in the hereafter are:
a. It causes the anger of Allah.
b. It causes the severe ness & graveness of accounting.
c. It causes the eternity & perpetuity (of man) in the hell fire.
17. Beware! one who died with the love of household of Prophet (P.B.U.H)
has died as a faithful, having complete faith.
18. Drinker is similar to the idolater. Oh Ali! Allah does not accept
the service of the drinker (up to) forty days. And if he dies with in forty
days, he has died as an infidel.
19. One who postpones and delays the performing of Hajj (having got
it's capacity) till the time he dies. Allah will resurrect him as a Jew or
Christian on the justice day.
20. Sighting (at stranger man or women) is a poisonous arrow out of
the arrows of Satan. So one who overlooks & omits that due to the fear of
Allah, Allah bestows upon him a faith, the sweetness of which he will find
in his heart.