It is a 4
Raka't Namaaz (SALAT)
(a) In each raka't after Sooratul Faatih'ah recite Sooratul Ikhlaas
(b) After Salaam recite the following Dua'a:
(For Arabic Text
please see "Mafateehul Jinaan")
O Allah send blessings on Muhammad and on the
children of Mohammad.
In the name of Allah the Beneficent the
Oh My Allah!
I come near to Thee, towards Thy liberal
beneficence and generous kindness.
I come near to Thee, in the name of Mohammad, Thy
Servant, Thy Messenger.
I come near to Thee, in the name of Thy close
Angels, and Prophets, and Messengers, that blessings are sent on Mohammad,
Thy Servant and Thy Messenger, and on the children of Mohammad and that
comfort and happiness are made available for me, my sins are kept hidden,
my wants and needs favorably taken care of, and I
am not punished for shortcomings.
Do what is good for me for surely Thou very
kindly and lovingly takes care of me.
Certainly Thou art able to do all things.
O Allah send blessings on Muhammad and on the
children of Mohammad.
Son of the Prophet
Imam Hasan Mujtaba upon whom be peace was the second Imam. He and his
brother Imam Husayn were the two sons of Amir al-mu'minin Ali and
Hazrat Fatimah, the daughter of the Prophet. Many times the Prophet had
"Hasan and Husayn are my children". Because of these
same words Ali would say to his other children, "You are my children and
Hasan and Husayn are the children of the Prophet."
Imam Hasan was born in the year 3 A.H. in Medina and
shared in the life of the Prophet for somewhat over seven years, growing
up during that time under his loving care. After the death of the
Prophet which was no more than three, or according to some, six months
earlier than the death of Hazrat Fatimah, Hasan was placed directly
under the care of his noble father.
Imam Hasan and Mu'awiyah
After the death of his father, through Divine Command and according to
the will of his father, Imam Hasan became Imam; he also occupied the
outward function of caliph for about six months, during which time he
administered the affairs of the Muslims. During that time Mu'awiyah, who
was a bitter enemy of Ali and his family and had fought for years with
the ambition of capturing the caliphate, first on the pretext of
avenging the death of the third caliph and finally with an open claim to
the caliphate, marched his army into Iraq, the seat of Imam Hasan's
caliphate. War ensued during which Mu'awiyah gradually subverted the
generals and commanders of Imam Hasan's army with large sums of money
and deceiving promises until the army rebelled against Imam Hasan.
Finally, the Imam was forced to make peace and to yield the caliphate to
Mu'awiyah, provided it would again return to Imam Hasan after
Mu'awiyah's death and the Imam's household and partisans would be
protected in every way. In this way Mu'awiyah captured the Islamic
caliphate and entered Iraq. In a public he officially made null and void
all the peace conditions and in every way possible placed the severest
pressure upon the members of the Household of the Prophet and the Shi'ah.
During all the ten years of his imamate, Imam Hasan lived in conditions
of extreme hardship and under persecution, with no security even in his
own house. In the year 50 A.H. he was poisoned and martyred by one of
his own household who, as has been accounted by historians, had been
motivated by Mu'awiyah.
Imam Hasan's Character
In human perfection Imam Hasan was reminiscent of his father and a
perfect example of his noble grandfather. In fact, as long as the
prophet was alive, he and his brother were always in the company of the
Prophet who even sometimes would carry them on his shoulders. Both Sunni
and Shi'ite sources have transmitted this saying of the Holy Prophet
concerning Hasan and Husayn: "These two children of mine are Imams
whether they stand up or sit down" (allusion to whether they occupy the
external function of caliphate or not).
1. He describing the virtues of a pious companion said, "He was greater than the other people in my eyes. The loftiest virtue which had made him great in my eyes (opinion, view) is that the world was small (valueless) in his eyes.
He had attained freedom from the domination of ignorance. And never begged from anyone, except the trustworthy person, for a benefit.
He did not complain & did not get enraged & furious & was not put out of patience. (by weariness or annoyance). Most of the times he remained silent but when he opened up his lips to talk he would be at the zenith of all the speakers. He was weak & feeble but when it came to struggle & strife he was a fierce lion. He was more inclined to lend ear in the gathering of scholars than talk.
If someone overcame him in speech, no one could overcome him in silence. He never said what he did not practice (but) practiced what he did not say. When he was confronted with two matters that he did not know which one of these was nearer to Allah, then he would see which of those was nearer to his desire so he would oppose it.
2. A person asked him, "what is Fear?" He said, "to have courage upon friend & recoiling from the enemy".
3. Oh my son! do not become the companion of anyone (& don't befriend) but when you come to know about the places he comes & goes to (visits). And after you have
minutely observed (his character) & got pleased with his association & social conduct then acquire his company; on the basis of forgiving the faults & (extending) consolation during the hardships.
4. The most sighting eye is the one which penetrates (views) into the
blessings & beneficences. And the most auditory ear is the one which takes in (comprehends & retains) admonition, & gets
benefited by it. The healthiest of hearts is the heart which is pure from doubts.
5. Do not make haste in punishing the sinner for his sin & let a way (passage) between the two (fault & punishment) excuse &
6. All the beneficences of both the worlds come to the hand & are
achieved by the mind (wits).
7. There is not poverty like the ignorance.
8. Teach others your knowledge & learn the knowledge of others so you will bring your knowledge to perfection & learn something which you do not know.
9. A person asked him, "What is generosity & magnanimity" He replied, To secure & protect the religion, & respecting one's soul, (self respect) and softness of conduct (gentleness in
behavior) & permanency of favor & kindness & the discharging of rights.
10. Nice conduct & behavior with people is the height of intelligence & wits.
11. A man asked him, "what is munificence & bounty?" He replied, "to begin with granting before being asked for".
12. There is a distance of four fingers between the right & falsehood (eyes & ears). What you saw with your eyes that is right. And you have heard plenty number of false & untrue things through your ears.
13. Who ever loves the world (material) the fear of hereafter gets out (finishes) from his heart.
14. Ignorant is the one who is foolish about his wealth. (regarding spending it). who is slack & negligent about his honor, when he is abused & reviled, he does not respond.
15. Good deed is the one before which there is no evading & delaying & there is no boasting of
favor, after it.
16. The annihilation of people lies in three things Arrogance, greed & jealousy. Arrogance is the cause of destruction & annihilation of religion & satan was cursed due to it. And greed is the enemy of soul & Adam was expelled by it from the paradise & jealousy is the guide to wickedness for the same reason Qabil (Kane) killed Habil (Abel).
17. It is for you to ponder because it is the (source of the) life of visionist's heart.
18. Leisure swiftly passes on & the return to it is very slow.
19. Associate with & treat the people in a way as you like to get associated & treated by them.
20. When the desirable & commendable services damage & harm the obligatory services,