It is a
4 Raka't Namaaz (SALAT)
(a) In each raka't recite Sooratul Faatih'ah 50 times and Sooratul
Ikhlaas 50 times.
every Rukoo and Sajdah recite Sooratul Faatih'ah and Sooratul Ikhlaas 10
(c) After Salaam recite the following Dua'a:
(For Arabic Text please see "Mafateehul
O Allah send blessings on Muhammad and on the
children of Mohammad.
In the name of Allah the Beneficent the
Oh My Allah!
Thou art He Who heard the paryers of Adam &
Hawwaa when they said:
"O our Lord we did not listen to the voice
of our conscience.
Now if Thou does not take a lenient view, and
have mercy on us, we shall always be among the losers."
And Nooh cried unto Thee, they Thou heard His
prayer, and kept Him & His companion safe from the terrible
catastrophe. Thou put out the fire set burning by Namrood, for Ibrahim,
Thy friend, who came out from it hail & hearty.
Thou art He Who heard the prayer of Ayycob, when
he cried unto His Lord;
"Truly, I am hard-pressed and cornered by losses
and damages, and Thou art Most Merciful of all who show mercy."
Then Thou dispersed hardships that were bothering
him gave him back his family, and the like thereof along with them, a
mercy from Thy store, and a remembrance for men of understanding.
Thou art He Who heard the prayer of Noon (Younus),
as soon as he cried unto Thee in the darkness:
"There is no God save Thee. Be Thou
glorified. Surely I have been a wrong doer."
Then Thou saved him from the anguish.
Thou art He Who heard the prayer of Moosaa and
Haroon, when they called (unto Thee).
"Thou said, "Your prayers is heard. You
two keep to the straight path."
Firawn (Phoroah) and his people were drowned.
Thou had forgiven mistakes committed by Dawood,
and relented towards him through Thy mercy and glory.
Thou ransomed Ismaa-eel with a "Zibhin-Azeem"
(great sacrifice), when they had both surrendered (to Allah), and he had
flung him down upon his face. Then he received the news glory and
Thou art He unto whom Zakariyya cried, a cry in
secret. Saying: "My Lord! Surely my bones are weak and unsteady, my
head is full of gray hair, and I have never been deprived of blessings
whenever I prayed to Thee, O my Lord." Thou said: "They cried
unto me in longing and in fear, and were submissive unto Me."
Thou art He Who hears the prayer of those who
believe and do good deeds, give them more and more of Thy bounties.
So count me not among the unimportant (people)
who call on and turn to Thee (in vain). Give answer to my prayer just as
Thou heard the prayers of those whom Thou found worthy of Thy attention So
purify me with Thy purity, listen to my prayers & supplications, and
kindly accept them. Make what is left in my life pure & pleasant, and
make easy for me my death, let me make amends and compensate for misdeeds.
O my Lord!
I call upon Thee
Make my children pure and chaste. Surround them
with Thy reliable protection, to save them from all that which degrade
& humiliate; children, everyone of them to be among Thy close
confidants and obedient servants, through Thy mercy.
O the Most Merciful,
O He who watches over all things, and give
answers to all those who cry unto Him;
and is near to all those who make a request.
I beseech Thee,
O "There is no God save Thou,
The ever living, The Everlasting,
One, Independent, Who begets not nor was begotten
and there is none comparable unto Him."
In the name of all (Thy) Names, Thou employed to
raise the sky, to spread out the earth, to set up the mountains, to make
water run its course, to keep in control the clouds, the sun, the moon,
the stars, the night, and the days, (so that they work as Thou wills); and
thus Thou brought into existence all creations.
I beseech Thee, in the name of Thy Sublime Glory
which lighted up the heaven and the earth.
Darkness spread far & wide over them, unless
"Durood" was recited for Mohammad and the children of Mohammad.
Free me from the worries of life in this world
& spare me in the other world.
Make better all my affairs.
Do let me rely upon my "Nafs" (source
of vain desires and passion) for a flash of an eye.
Set my affairs right, and affairs of my
Keep away from me sorrows & poverty, make me
Give them from Thy unknown treasures.
Multiply Thy favors that do not ever run out.
Let my mind know for certain and stand firm so that it
fills me with wisdom that makes me fit for the company of Thy servants.
Put me among the God fearing when Thou will send the
last Imam, just as Thou elected Ibrahim, the beloved one as the Imam, for
certainly, with Thy consent and guidance, the chosen successful attain their
end, turn repentant to Thee the penitent; worship Thee the devotees, with
the help of Thy "True Path". remain upright the honest, praiseworthy &
secluded worshipers, and take refuge with Thee, On account of the direction
in the right way, (Thou shows) the relieved save themselves from the fire, &
those who remain on guard against evil get mercy & forgiveness.
When forsaken by Thee the tiers suffer losses, the
(transgressing) oppressors are cast into Hell, the careless are neglected.
O my Allah! Give me peace of mind (a restful soul), for
Thou controls the soul, & refines him who keeps it pure.
O my Allah! Render it clear & let it feel relieved,
overfill it with wisdom & piety, bless it with inner satisfaction, through
Thy mercy, when Thou stimulates it, and let it take quarters in the pleasant
surroundings of the exalted sanctuary, make it noble, let it grow in
substance, and develop, be kind when its turn comes to depart, & when it
reaches the permanent abode, to live there forever, allow it to dwell in
paradise, because Thou art its Friend, & its Master.
O Allah! send blessings on Mohammad and on the
children of Mohammad.
IN THE house of the Holy Prophet, which presented the best image of both
the worlds - the heaven and the earth - a child who benefited humanity
as if he was Divine Impression reflecting the earth, was bron on one of
the nights of the month of Shaban. His father was Imam Ali, the best
model of kindness towards his friends and the bravest against the
enemies of Islam, and his mother was Hazrat Fatimah, the only daughter
and child of the Holy prophet who had as universally acknowledged,
inherited the qualities of her father.
Imam Husayn, is the third Apostolic Imam. When the good
news of his birth reached the Holy Prophet, he came to his daughter's
house, took the newly-born child in his arms, recited adham and iqamah
in his right and left ears respectively, and on the 7th day of his
birth, after performing the rites of aqiqah, named him al-Husayn, in
compliance with Allah's command. Hasan and husayn, the two sons of the
Holy Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib and Hadrat Fatimah, our Lady of Light, were
respected and revered as the "Leaders of the Youths of Paradise"
stated by the Holy Prophet.
The Holy Prophet Muhammad, peace be on him and his
progeny, had openly prophesied that the faith of Islam would be rescued
by his second grandson Husayn, when Yazid, son of Muawiayh, would
Endeavour to destroy it. Yazid was known for his devilish character
brutish conduct. He was known as the most licentious of men. The people
having known and understood the character of Yazid, fromed a covenant by
which Muawiyah could not appoint Yazid as his successor. This
undertaking was given by Muawiyah to Imam Hasan from whom Muawiyah had
snatched power. Muawiyah violated this undertaking and nominated Yazid
who succeeded his father. Immediately as he came to power, Yazid began
acting in full accordance with his known character. He started
interfering in the fundamentals of the faith and practiced every vice
and wickedness freely with the highest degree of impunity and yet held
himself out as the successor of the Holy Prophet, demanding allegiance
to himself as the leading guide of the faith. Paying allegiance to Yazid
was nothing short of acknowledging the devil as God. If a divine
personality like the Holy Imam Husayn had agreed to his authority, it
would be actually recommending the devil to humanity in place of God.
Yazid demanded allegiance from the Holy Imam Husayn,
who could have never agreed to it at any cost. The people fearing death
and destruction at the hands of the tyrant had yielded to him out of
fear. Imam Husayn said that come whatever may, he would never yield to
the devil in place of God and undo what his grandfather, the Holy
Prophet had established. The refusal of the Holy Imam to pay allegiance
to this fiend, marked the start of the persecution of the Holy Imam. as
a result he had retired to Medina where he led a secluded life. Even
here he was not allowed to live in peace, and was forced to seek refuge
in Mecca where also he was badly harassed, and Yazid plotted to murder
him in the very precincts of the great sanctuary of Kabah. The people of
kufah getting tired of the tyrannic and satanic rule of Yazid, had
written innumerable letters and sent emissaries to Imam Husayn to come
over and give them guidance in faith. Although Imam Husayn knew the
ultimate end of the invitations, he as the divinely chosen Imam could
not refuse to give the guidance sought for.
When the Holy Imam with his entourage had reached
Karbala, his horse mysteriously stopped and would not move any further.
Upon this the Holy Imam declared: "This is the land , the land of
sufferings and tortures." He alighted from his horse, and ordered his
followers to encamp there saying: "Here shall we be martyred and our
children be killed. Here shall our tents be burned and our family
arrested. This is the land about which my grandfather the Holy Prophet
had foretold, and his prophecy will certainly be fulfilled." On the 7th
Muharram water supply to the Imam's camp was cut and he torture of
thirst and hunger started. The Holy Imam's camp consisted of ladies,
innocent children including babies and some male members of the Holy
Prophet's family; along with a small band of some faithful friends of
Imam Husayn who had chosen to die with the Holy Imam, fighting against
the devil for the cause of Allah.
The Day of Ashura ( 10th of Muharram ):
At dawn the Imam glanced over the army of Yazid and saw
Umar ibn sad ordering his forces to march towards him. He gathered his
followers and addressed them thus:" Allah has, this day, permitted us
for our martyrdom. So Prepare yourselves to fight against the enemies of
Islam with patience and resistance. O sons of the noble and self -
respecting persons, be patient! Death is nothing but a bridge which you
must cross ater facing trials and tribulations so as to reach Heaven and
its joys. Which of you do not like to go from this prison (world) to the
lofty palaces (Paradise)?" Having heard the Imam's address, All his
companions were overwhelmed and cried out ,
" O our Master! We are all
ready to defend you and your Ahlu l-bayt, and to sacrifice our lives for
the cause of Islam."
Imam Husayn sent out from his camp one after
another to fight and sacrifice their lives in the way of the Lord.
Lastly, when all his men and children had laid down their lives, Imam
Husayn brought his six- month old baby son Ali al- Asghar, and offering
him on his own hands, demanded some water for the baby, dying of thirst.
The thirst of the baby was quenched by a deadly poisoned arrow from the
brute's forces, which pinned the baby's neck to the arm of the helpless
father. At last when the six-month old baby also was killed, Imam Husayn
"O Lord! Thy Husayn has offered in Thy way whatever
Thou hath blessed him with. Bless Thy Husayn, O Lord! with the
acceptance of this sacrifice. Every thing Husayn could do till now was
through Thy help and by Thy Grace."
Lastly Imam Husayn came into the
field and was killed, the details of which merciless slaughter are heart
rending. the forces of Yazid having killed Imam Husayn, cut and severed
his head from his body and raised it on a lance. The severed head of the
Holy Imam began glorifying Allah from the point of the lance saying,`
"All glory be to Allah Who is the Greatest!"
wholesale, merciless and most brutal slaughter of the Holy Imam with his
faithful band, the helpless ladies and children along with the ailing
son of Imam Husayn, Imam Ali Zaynu l - Abidin, were taken captives.
Some Sayings of the Holy Prophet During his Lifetime with Reference
to Imam Husayn:
1. Hasan and Husayn are the leaders of the Youths of Paradise.
2. Husayn is from me and I am from Husayn , Allah befriends those
who befriend Husayn and He is the enemy of those who bear enmity to him.
3. Whoever wishes to see such a person who lives on earth but
whose dignity is honoured by the Heaven dwellers, should see my grandson
4. O my son! thy flesh is my flesh and thy blood is my blood,
thou art a leader , the son of a leader and the brother of a leader;
thou art a spiritual guide, the son of a spiritual guide and the brother
of a spiritual guide; thou art an Apostolical Imam , the son of an
Apostolical Imam and the brother of an Apostolical Imam; thou art the
father of nine Immas, the ninth of whom would be the Oaim (the last
infallible spiritual guide).
5. The punishment inflicted on the murderer of Husayn in Hell
would be equal to half of the total punishment to be imposed on the
entire sinners of the world.
6. When the Holy Prophet informed Hazrat Fatima of the Martyrdom
in store for his grandson, she burst into tears and asked, "O my father!
when would my son be martyred?"
"In such a critical moment," replied the Holy Prophet," When neither I
nor you, nor Ali would be alive. "This accentuated her grief and she
inquired again," Who then, O my father, would commemorate Husayn's
martyrdom? The Holy Prophet said, "The men and the women of a particular
sect of my followers, who will befriend my Ahlu l-bayt, will mourn for
Husayn and commemorate his martyrdom each year in every century."
Ibn Sad narrates from ash-shabi:
Imam Ali while on his way to Siffin, passed through the desert of
Karbala, there he stopped and wept very bitterly. When interrogated
regarding the cause of his weeping, he commented that one day he visited
the Holy Prophet and found him weeping. when he asked the Apostle of
Allah as to what was the reason which made him weep, he replied, "O Ali
Gabriel has just been with me and informed me that my son Husayn would
be martyred in Karbala, a place near the bank of the River Euphartes.
This moved me so much that I could not help weeping."
Anas ibn Harith narrates:
One day the Holy Prophet ascended the pulpit to deliver a sermon to his
associates while Imam Husayn and Imam Hasan were sitting before him.
When address was over, he put his left hand on Imam Husayn and raising
his head towards Heaven, said:"O my lord! I am Muhammad Thy slave and
Thy prophet, and these two are the distinguished and pious members of my
family who would fortify my cause after me. O my Lord! Gabriel has
informed me that son Husayn would be killed. O my Lord! bless my cause
in recompense for Husayn's martrydom, make him the leader of the
martyrs, be Thou his helper and guardian and do not bless his
Sir Muhammad Iqbla says:
Imam Husayn uprooted despotism forever till the Day of Resurrection. He
watered the dry garden of freedom with the surging wave of his blood,
and indeed he awakened the sleeping Muslim nation. If Imam Husayn had
aimed at acquiring a worldly empire, he would not have travelled the way
he did ( from Medina to Karbala). Husayn weltered in blood and dust for
the sake of truth. Verily he, therefore, became the bed-rock
(foundation) of the Muslim creed; la ilaha illa Allah ( There is no god
Khwaja Mu inu d-Din Chishti says:
He gave his head but did not put his hand into the hands of Yazid.
Verily, Husayn is the foundation of la ilaha illa Allah. Husayn is lord
and the lord of lords. Husayn himself is Islam and the shield of Islam.
Though he gave his head (for Islam) but never pledged Yazid. Truly
Husayn is the founder of "There is no Deity except Allah."
Brown in his A Literary of Persia Writes:
As a reminder, the blood-stained field of Karbala where the grandson of
the Apostle of God fell at length, tortured by thirst and surrounded by
the bodies of his murdered kinsmen, has been at any time since then
sufficient to evoke, even in the most lukewarm and heedless, the deepest
emotion, the most frantic grief and the exaltation of spirit before
which pain, danger, and death shrink to unconsidered trifles. Yearly, on
the tenth day of Muharram, the tragedy is rehearsed in persia, in India,
in Turkey, in egypt, wherever a Shiite community or colony exists.
Mola Hussain was martyred in Karbala (Iraq) at the age of 57, on friday,
10th Muharram 61 AH and buried there.